Sardis is warned that they have a reputation of being alive, but are dead, and to repent and strengthen what remains.


Sardes was an ancient city located in what is now western Turkey. It was the capital of the kingdom of Lydia and was known for its wealth, due in part to its location along major trade routes. The city was conquered by the Persians in 546 BCE and later by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE. Sardes was also an important center of worship for the Persian god, Zeus. The city’s most well-known remains include the gymnasium, the theater, and the Temple of Artemis. The city was eventually abandoned in the Byzantine era, and today the site of Sardes is an archaeological site.

Sardes was also an important religious center in the ancient world. The city was a major center of worship for the Persian god, Zeus and also had a temple dedicated to the goddess Cybele. The remains of the Temple of Artemis, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, were also located in Sardes.

Sardes was an important city in the ancient world, but it also had a significant Christian presence in the early years of Christianity. According to the Bible, the city was one of the seven churches addressed in the Book of Revelation, and it is believed that a Christian community existed there as early as the 1st century CE. The apostle John is traditionally believed to have been the one who wrote the letter to the church in Sardis.

The letter in the book of Revelation, addresses the church in Sardis, and also encourages them to “wake up” and to “strengthen what remains” of their faith, as they were in danger of losing it. The letter also praises some of the members of the community for their faithfulness, and exhorts them to remain steadfast in their belief.

Archaeological evidence of the Christian presence in Sardes is limited, but there are a few early Christian tombs and a 5th century church has been found in the city. The church was built on the site of an earlier pagan temple and reused some of the materials from the temple. This is a common practice in early Christianity, as the new religion spread and established itself in the Roman empire.

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